In vitro fertilization is the name given to the implantation of embryos, fertilized in the laboratory, in the womb of the woman, thus, developing and allowing a pregnancy.
This is one of the most widely used assisted reproduction techniques today and can be performed in private clinics and hospitals and even by SUS, as long as the couple can not conceive spontaneously in 1 year of attempts without the use of any contraceptive method.
Price of in vitro fertilization
The price of the in vitro fertilization technique varies according to the selected clinic, but usually ranges from 10 to 12 thousand R. However, it is possible to request the technique in the SUS for free, as long as the couple can not conceive after 1 year of attempts.
Step-by-step in vitro fertilization
This technique consists of:
- Stimulation of the ovaries with the use of drugs to produce eggs;
- Collection of ovules through transvaginal aspiration with ultrasound;
- Introduction of the spermatozoa inside the same glass where the eggs are;
- Observation of fertilization of eggs;
- Implantation of one or more embryos in the woman’s uterus.
It is not always possible to reach step 5, as some failures may occur during the initial process. In this case, a further in vitro fertilization attempt will be required, using unused embryos that have previously been frozen in liquid nitrogen.
If in vitro fertilization is considered a success, after a few days the woman should begin to feel the symptoms of the pregnancy, and must prove it through the pregnancy test.
Main risks of in vitro fertilization
One of the most common risks of in vitro fertilization is the pregnancy of twins due to the presence of several embryos inside the woman’s uterus. However, there is also an increased risk of premature birth or low birth weight of the baby.
According to the latest scientific research, babies born by IVF techniques also have a higher risk of developing the following problems:
- Heart failure;
- Cleft lip;
- Alteration in the esophagus;
- Malformation of the rectum;
- Algeman syndrome;
- Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
The emotional stress that involves the process of in vitro fertilization can still cause the woman to cry, fatigue, anxiety, sleep or eating disorders and difficulty concentrating. This can be alleviated with a balanced diet, light physical exercises and relaxation massages.
Where to do IVF
In vitro fertilization can be performed in the public network at the following locations:
- Reference Center on Women’s Health at the Pérola Byington Hospital in Sao Paulo;
- University Hospital of Ribeirão Preto;
- Hospital das Clínicas of São Paulo;
- Santa Casa do Rio de Janeiro;
- Center for Assisted Reproduction of the Regional Hospital of the South Wing
- Mother and Child Institute of Pernambuco
- Hospital das Clínicas, Federal University of Minas Gerais;
- Hospital of Clinics of Porto Alegre.
Some hospitals offer in vitro fertilization free of charge, so it is only necessary to buy the medicines prescribed by the doctors, while others offer the whole procedure free of charge by the SUS.